2 samuel 24 commentary

Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. (1-2) David is moved to take a census. David knew that God was far more merciful and gracious than man. David knew that God was far more merciful and gracious than man. Biblical Commentary 2 Samuel 11:1-15 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Until now, David has enjoyed unprecedented blessings and protection from the Lord: • At the Lord’s direction, Samuel anointed him as king while David was still a boy—long before David finally took the throne (1 Samuel 16). Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. And Gad came that day to David and said to him, “Go up, erect an altar to the LORD on the threshing floor of Araunah the Jebusite.” So David, according to the word of Gad, went up as the LORD commanded. 2 Samuel 20:8-10: a note for a commentary," Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 24.3 (Sept. 1981): 209-210 Edward A. Neiderhiser Books of Samuel as a Study in Leadership," Irish Biblical Studies 4.1 (Jan. 1982): 17-30 . 2 de Samuel 24 – David y el Censo A. David ordena que se lleve a cabo un censo 1. Resources. (1-9) He chooses the pestilence. said--or, "had said," I have sinned . “Had Araunah’s noble offer been accepted, it would have been Araunah’s sacrifice, not David’s; nor would it have answered the end of turning away the displeasure of the Most High.” (Clarke). Footnotes. Yet the Lord expressly allowed it as a chastisement against David. 2 Samuel 24:10-14 . This was a sacrifice of expiation; and the reason why he was allowed to offer it on Mount Moriah was partly in gracious consideration to his fear of repairing to Gibeon ( 1 Chronicles 21:29 1 Chronicles 21:30 ), and partly in anticipation of the removal of the tabernacle and the erection of the temple there ( 2 Chronicles 3:1 ). 13. 2 Samuel 1-24 - The Bible from 30,000 Feet - Skip Heitzig - Flight 2SAM1 - Duration: 1:07:25. : This is where David met the Angel of the LORD, and where God relented from the plague before it came upon Jerusalem. “To attempt to reconcile them in every part is lost labour; better at once acknowledge what cannot be successfully denied, that although the original writers of the Old Testament wrote under the influence of the Divine Spirit, yet we are not told that the same influence descended on all. But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. (22-24) Refusing the gift of Araunah, David, Now Araunah said to David, “Let my lord the king take and offer up whatever, Let my lord the king take and offer up whatever seems good to him, : Araunah had a good, generous heart and wanted to, i. a. Erect an altar to the LORD on the threshing floor of Araunah the Jebusite. Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. 51 tít. And when the angel stretched out His hand over Jerusalem to destroy it, the LORD relented from the destruction, and said to the angel who was destroying the people, “It is enough; now restrain your hand.” And the angel of the LORD was by the threshing floor of Araunah the Jebusite. Biblical Commentary 2 Samuel 11:1-15 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Until now, David has enjoyed unprecedented blessings and protection from the Lord: • At the Lord's direction, Samuel anointed him as king while David was still a boy—long before David finally took the throne (1 Samuel … . i. # Go: or, Compass Now consider and see what answer I should take back to Him who sent me: God wanted David to use the prophet as a mediator, and to answer to the prophet instead of directly to God. 2 Samuel 24 - Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Bible Resources Commentaries 2 Samuel » Chapter 24 » exegesis View 2 Samuel David numbers the people. And offered burnt offerings and peace offerings: This shows that David understood that the death of the 70,000 in Israel in the plague did not atone for his and Israel’s sin. Salem Media Group. : David wanted to transform this place where chaff was separated from wheat into a place of sacrifice and worship. 2 Samuel 24:2 "For the king said to Joab the captain of the host, which [was] with him, Go now through all the tribes of Israel, from Dan even to Beer-sheba, and number ye the people, that I may know the number of the people." 2 For the king said to Joab the captain of the host, which was with him, Go now through all the tribes of Israel, from Dan even to Beersheba, and number ye the people, that I may know the number of the people. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. 1 Jehová envió a Natán a David; # Sal. : This would be the death of some in Israel, but mostly only of soldiers. 2 Samuel 24 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this nine-volume commentary, respected by legions of devoted students, still ring with timeless truth 2 So the king said to Joab and the army commanders [] with him, "Go throughout the tribes of Israel from Dan to Beersheba and enroll the fighting men, so that I may know how many there are." Commentaries. 2 Samuel 24. 2 Samuel 24 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a verse level look at the Bible. 5. they passed over Jordan--This census was taken first in the eastern parts of the Hebrew kingdom; and it would seem that Joab was accompanied by a military force, either to aid in this troublesome work, or to overawe the people who might display reluctance or opposition. “Had he chosen war, his own personal safety was in no danger, because there was already an ordinance preventing him from going to battle. 2 Samuel 24 Commentary. Israel would have to depend on neighboring nations for food. (1-2) David is moved to take a census. 2. Otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab. 2 Samuel 24:16 Parallel Verses [ See commentary ]2 Samuel 24:16, NIV: "When the angel stretched out his hand to destroy Jerusalem, the LORD relented concerning the disaster and said to the angel who was afflicting the people, 'Enough! : Joab wasn’t afraid to speak to David when he thought the king was wrong. Three days’ plague in your land: This would be the death of some in Israel, but anyone could be struck by this plague – rich or poor, influential or anonymous, royalty or common. Again the anger of the LORD was aroused against Israel, and He moved David against them to say, “Go, number Israel and Judah.” His sin, which was numbering the people in the pride of his heart (2 Samuel 24:1-9). Bibliography Information Jamieson, Robert, D.D. Let us fall now into the hand of the Lord--His overwhelming sense of his sin led him to acquiesce in the punishment denounced, notwithstanding its apparent excess of severity. (14) David chooses the three days of plague. Estudio bíblico del libro de 2 Samuel 12; presenta un resumen significativo de la historia, tiempo y detalles relevantes de acuerdo a los hechos de la biblia basados en Comentario Bíblico de Matthew Henry y leyendo en paralelo a la versión de la Biblia Biblia Reina Valera 1960. But David acted not only independently of such order of sanction, but from motives unworthy of the delegated king of Israel; from pride and vainglory; from self-confidence and distrust of God; and, above all, from ambitious designs of conquest, in furtherance of which he was determined to force the people into military service, and to ascertain whether he could muster an army sufficient for the magnitude of the enterprises he contemplated. 21. to build an altar unto the Lord, that the plague may be stayed--It is evident that the plague was not stayed till after the altar was built, and the sacrifice offered, so that what is related ( 2 Samuel 24:16 ) was by anticipation. Descargar. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. Israel would have to contend with, : This would be the death of some in Israel, but, Now consider and see what answer I should take back to Him who sent me. These were not reckoned in this book, because they were in the actual service of the king as a regular militia. 2 Samuel 24:15 Parallel Verses [ See commentary ]2 Samuel 24:15, NIV: "So the LORD sent a plague on Israel from that morning until the end of the time designated, and seventy thousand of the people from Dan to Beersheba died." It is in that understanding that 2 Samuel 24:1, above, must be interpreted. : This was a great calamity upon Israel – a devastating plague striking so many in such a short period of time. 3 And the angel of the Lord was by the threshing floor of Araunah the Jebusite. CHAPTER 22 Song of Thanksgiving. Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. So the LORD sent a plague upon Israel from the morning till the appointed time. ii. c 2 Chronicles 3:1 tells us that the threshing floor of Araunah was on Mount Moriah; the same hill where Abraham offered Isaac (Genesis 22:2), and the same set of hills where Jesus died on the cross (Genesis 22:14). It is considered uncertain by many as to why God was angry with Israel; but Keil and Payne both accepted the view that the anger of the Lord was probably due to the twin rebellions of Israel against David under the leadership of Absalom and … We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. 2. Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. CHAPTER 22. b. Commentary on 2 Samuel 24:16,17 (Read 2 Samuel 24:16,17 ) Perhaps there was more wickedness, especially more pride, and that was the sin now chastised, in Jerusalem than elsewhere, therefore the hand of the destroyer is stretched out upon that city; but the Lord repented him of the evil, changed not his mind, but his way. : This was dangerous because of a principle stated in Exodus 30:12: i. (10) David knows that he has done wrong in numbering the people. Love is the costliest of all undertakings… But what shall we mind if we gain Christ? And again — After the former tokens of his anger, such as the three years’ famine, mentioned chap. : God wanted David to use the prophet as a mediator, and to answer to the prophet instead of directly to God. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. * 1 David proclaimed the words of this song to the LORD when the LORD had rescued him from the grasp of all his enemies and from the grasp of Saul. The best explanation is that Satan prompted King David and is the “he” of 2 Samuel 24:1. Let my lord the king take and offer up whatever seems good to him: Araunah had a good, generous heart and wanted to give David anything he wanted. Porque había incitado a David contra ellos, con decirle: ¡Anda, toma la cuenta de Israel y de Judá! The time of the events mentioned here was evidently near the end of David's reign. D AVID N UMBERS THE P EOPLE. 24. It would remain a place of sacrifice and worship because this land purchased by David became the site of Solomon’s temple (1 Chronicles 21:28-22:5). “Now the ‘he’ there, we assume would be the Lord. Now God wanted David to meet Him there in worship. (10-15) The staying the pestilence. Geneva Notes (1560) John Gill’s Commentary Matthew Henry’s Commentary Treasury of Scripture Knowledge. 1. 21:1 – 24:25: this is the final division of 2 Samuel. The judgment inflicted upon him for it (2 Samuel 24:11-15 21:12); Hebrew seven; 2 Samuel 24:17 Dead Sea Scrolls and Septuagint; Masoretic Text does not have the shepherd. . David said, . Please let us fall into the hand of the LORD, for His mercies are great; but do not let me fall into the hand of man.”. © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . Now relax your hand!' 2 Samuel 24:18 - So Gad came to David that day and said to him, 'Go up, erect an altar to the Lord on the threshing floor of Araunah the Jebusite.' But the author of Chronicles, who mentions only four hundred seventy thousand, gives the number of that tribe exclusive of those thirty thousand men, because they were not all of the tribe of Judah, and therefore he does not say, "all those of Judah," as he had said, "all those of Israel," but only, "and those of Judah." The sacred history has not mentioned the objections which he and other distinguished officers urged against it in the council of David. 2 Samuel 24 1. Leer. 2 Samuel 1-24 - The Bible from 30,000 Feet - Skip Heitzig - Flight 2SAM1 - Duration: 1:07:25. David offered burnt offerings and peace offerings--There seem to have been two sacrifices; the first expiatory, the second a thanksgiving for the cessation of the pestilence. Through the example of David's life after Saul, the book of 2 Samuel reveals the successes and failures that any individual experiences, including kings. : David now saw the pride and vainglory that prompted him to do such a foolish thing. He proceeded on a good principle in choosing the pestilence. Shall seven years of famine come unto thee--that is, in addition to the three that had been already, with the current year included. 2 Samuel 24 – David and the Census A. David commands a census to be taken. 2 Samuel 24:1. 2 Samuel 23 Chapter 24 The last words of David, which we read in the chapter before, were admirably good, but in this chapter we read of some of his last works, which were none of the best; yet he repented, and did his first works again, and so he finished well. DAVID NUMBERS THE PEOPLE. 2 Samuel 24:1-9. His choice of the following three options were to test David: : This would surely be the death of some in Israel, but the wealthy and resourceful would survive. In pestilence he was equally exposed, as it was just and right he should be, to danger as his people, whereas, in war and famine, he possessed means of protection superior to them. The principle of Exodus 30:12 speaks to, And Joab said to the king, “Now may the LORD your God add to the people a hundred times more than there are, and may the eyes of my lord the king see, Why does my lord the king desire this thing. 2Sa 24:1-9. i. Burnt offerings were to atone for sin; peace offerings were to enjoy fellowship with God. To buy the threshing floor from you, to build an altar to the LORD: David wanted to transform this place where chaff was separated from wheat into a place of sacrifice and worship. So the LORD heeded the prayers for the land: 1 Chronicles 21:26 tells us that God showed His acceptance of David’s sacrifice by consuming it with fire from heaven. on StudyLight.org F1 The great problem of the chapter appears in this very first verse, where it is stated that, "God incited David against Israel by commanding him to number Israel and Judah." If you refuse cookies we will remove all set cookies in our domain. 2 Samuel 20:8-10: a note for a commentary," Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 24.3 (Sept. 1981): 209-210 Edward A. Neiderhiser Books of Samuel as a Study in Leadership," Irish Biblical Studies 4.1 (Jan. 1982): 17-30 . 2 Samuel 24: 1-25 is about a situation when a disease struck a nation because the leader became proud of his military might and strong fortresses. The matters covered here are not in chronological order and come from various stages of David’s life. 2 Samuel 14:14-15:37 Regreso de Absalón. Song of Thanksgiving. Again the anger of the LORD was aroused against Israel, and He moved David against them to say, “Go, number Israel and Judah.” So the king said to Joab the commander of the army who, The anger of the LORD was aroused against Israel, and He moved David, : The translators of the New King James Version believe that “. : 1 Chronicles 21:26 tells us that God showed His acceptance of David’s sacrifice by consuming it with fire from heaven. Do not let me fall into the hand of man: This meant that David chose the three days of plague. 1 And again the anger of the Lord was kindled against Israel, and he moved David against them to say, Go, number Israel and Judah. 10-13. Chapter 24. 5 The captains, in nine months and twenty days, bring the muster of thirteen hundred thousand fighting men. 2 Samuel 24:15 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] 2 Samuel 24:15, NIV: "So the LORD sent a plague on Israel from that morning until the end of the time designated, and seventy thousand of the people from Dan to Beersheba died." He could not trust man to relent from destruction. a. Seventy thousand men of the people died: This was a great calamity upon Israel – a devastating plague striking so many in such a short period of time. 2 Samuel 24 - Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Bible . Verse 6 Tahtim-hodshi - Where this place was is not exactly known: some think that the words refer to a newly conquered country, as our margin, the nether land newly inhabited; and if so, this was probably the country eastward of … We may request cookies to be set on your device. Take away the iniquity of Your servant, for I have done very foolishly. (1-2) Saul seeks David in the Wilderness of En Gedi. Atonement could only be made through the blood of an approved substitute. 2. And again the anger of the Lord was kindled against Israel, ... 2 Samuel 24:25. 24. 23. All these things did Araunah, as a king, give--Indicating, as the sense is, that this man had been anciently a heathen king or chief, but was now a proselyte who still retained great property and influence in Jerusalem, and whose piety was evinced by the liberality of his offers. the river of Gad--"Wady" would be a better term. Matthew Henry :: Commentary on 2 Samuel 24 ← Back to Matthew Henry's Bio & Resources. These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. He didn’t look for the cheapest way possible to please God. 3. Please let me fall into the hand of the LORD: This meant that David chose the three days of plague. Nay; . “Threshing floors were usually on a height, in order to catch every breeze; some area to the north of David’s city is indicated.” (Baldwin). Besides, he thereby showed his trust, founded on long experience, in the divine goodness. You cannot give up for Him without regaining everything you have renounced, but purified and transfigured.” (Meyer). Escuchar. 2 Samuel 24: 1-25 is about a situation when a disease struck a nation because the leader became proud of his military might and strong fortresses. His conviction of the sin, and repentance for it (2 Samuel 24:10). : God used David’s sin and the resulting chastisement to reveal David’s heart and wisdom. Chapters 21 – 24 form an appendix to the books of Samuel. Notice in II Samuel that the LORD was angry with Israel already for … Click on the different category headings to find out more. also warned David not to count the soldiers in Israel. i. God honored David’s desire to be right and to fellowship with God by answering with Divine blessing from heaven. Joab gave the sum of the number of the people to the king. “Where there is true, strong love to Jesus, it will cost us something. David should have called off this foolish census during the 10 months, but he didn’t. 2 samuel 24 2 Samuel 23 - 1 Kings 1 >> - HELP - FB - TWITTER - GR VIDEOS - GR FORUMS - GR YOUTUBE Get a Copy of This KJV Bible - https://bit.ly/2ns1jxF Earmark 2 Samuel 24:25. 1. 2 Samuel 24:16 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] 2 Samuel 24:16, NIV: "When the angel stretched out his hand to destroy Jerusalem, the LORD relented concerning the disaster and said to the angel who was afflicting the people, 'Enough!Withdraw your hand.' So it always is when God’s children draw near to their God and Father for cleansing and fellowship. II. We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. DAVID NUMBERS THE PEOPLE. 2 Samuel 24: 1-25 is about a situation when a disease struck a nation because the leader became proud of his military might and strong fortresses. HE, HAVING THREE PLAGUES PROPOUNDED BY GAD, REPENTS, AND CHOOSES THREE DAYS' PESTILENCE. Ver. ii. Then Araunah said, “Why has my lord the king come to his servant?” And David said, “To buy the threshing floor from you, to build an altar to the LORD, that the plague may be withdrawn from the people.”. We need 2 cookies to store this setting. But as we find out in 1 Chronicles, chapter one, it was Satan that … 2 Samuel 24:15-25 . a 2 He said: b O LORD, my rock, my fortress, my deliverer,. ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. The threshing floor of Araunah had both a rich history and a rich future. He who has a religion that costs him nothing, has a religion that is worth nothing: nor will any man esteem the ordinances of God , if those ordinances cost him nothing. 17. 10 David, having three plagues propounded by Gad, repenteth, and chooseth the three days' pestilence. seventy thousand men--Thus was the pride of the vainglorious monarch, confiding in the number of his population, deeply humbled. The Holy Spirit convicts us of our waywardness – even in things of every day or we could say that of normal life. 1. 2 Samuel chapter 24 KJV (King James Version) 1 And again the anger of the LORD was kindled against Israel, and he moved David against them to say, Go, number Israel and Judah.. 2 For the king said to Joab the captain of the host, which was with him, Go now through all the tribes of Israel, from Dan even to Beersheba, and number ye the people, that I may know the number of the people. Having another purpose to accomplish, God did not accept David’s offer. 16. the Lord repented him of the evil--God is often described in Scripture as repenting when He ceased to pursue a course He had begun. c. Let Your hand, I pray, be against me and against my father’s house: Like a true shepherd, David asked that the punishment be upon him and his own household. The order was given to Joab, who, though not generally restrained by religious scruples, did not fail to present, in strong terms every argument to dissuade the king from his purpose. So the LORD heeded the prayers for the land. * 1 David proclaimed the words of this song to the LORD when the LORD had rescued him from the grasp of all his enemies and from the grasp of Saul. Look, here are oxen for burnt sacrifice, and threshing implements and the yokes of the oxen for wood. a. You can check these in your browser security settings. The LORD relented from the destruction: This justified David’s wisdom in leaving himself in God’s hands. . If you do not want that we track your visit to our site you can disable tracking in your browser here: We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. 2 Samuel 24 1 Again the anger of the LORD burned against Israel, and he incited David against them, saying, "Go and take a census of Israel and Judah." All rights reserved. In the other two options the king and his family could be insulated against the danger, but David knew that he had to expose. : The results showed that there were 1,300,000 fighting men among the twelve tribes, reflecting an estimated total population of about 6 million in Israel. The words, "as a king," are taken by some to signify simply, "he gave with royal munificence.". 24:2 And the king said to Joab commander of the host, who was with him, Go now through all the tribes of Israel and Judah{gr.Juda}, from Dan even to Beersheba{gr.Bersabee}, and number the people, and I will know the number of II Samuel 24:1 And again the anger of the LORD was kindled against Israel, and he moved David against them to say, Go, number Israel and Judah. (15-17) The plague of destruction hits Israel severely. 2 Samuel » Chapter 24 » exegesis. DAVID NUMBERS THE PEOPLE. Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible has served as an invaluable guide to the Bible for pastors and students the world over. “He who has a religion that costs him nothing, has a religion that is worth nothing: nor will any man esteem the ordinances of God, if those ordinances cost him nothing.” (Clarke), ii. Proud member Having another purpose to accomplish, God did not accept David’s offer. i. Brenton's Septuagint (LXX) - Holy Name KJV LXX . From Dan to Beersheba seventy thousand men of the people died. Erect an altar to the LORD on the threshing floor of Araunah the Jebusite: This is where David met the Angel of the LORD, and where God relented from the plague before it came upon Jerusalem. “We finally see the man after God’s own heart turning the occasion of his sin and its punishment into an occasion of worship.” (Morgan). Changes will take effect once you reload the page. This shows us from the beginning to the end, David’s life was marked by fellowship with God. 2 Samuel 24 Commentary by Hank Workman “Now David’s heart troubled him after he had numbered the people.” 2 Samuel 24:10a NASB. The discrepancy is only apparent, and admits of an easy reconciliation; thus (see 1 Chronicles 27:1-15 ), there were twelve divisions of generals, who commanded monthly, and whose duty was to keep guard on the royal person, each having a body of troops consisting of twenty-four thousand men, which, together, formed an army of two hundred eighty-eight thousand; and as a separate detachment of twelve thousand was attendant on the twelve princes of the twelve tribes mentioned in the same chapter, so both are equal to three hundred thousand. 2 Samuel 24:16 - When the angel stretched out his hand toward Jerusalem to destroy it, the Lord relented from the calamity and said to the angel who destroyed the people, 'It is enough! but these sheep, what have they done?--The guilt of numbering the people lay exclusively with David. 9. . 1. God honored David’s desire to be right and to fellowship with God by answering with Divine blessing from heaven. And David built there an altar to the LORD, and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings. on StudyLight.org b. I will surely buy it from you for a price; nor will I offer burnt offerings to the LORD my God with that which costs me nothing: David knew that it would not be a gift nor a sacrifice unto the LORD if it did not cost him something. Y OTRA vez se encendió la ira de Jehová contra Israel. I Chronicles 21:1 And Satan stood up against Israel, and provoked David to number Israel.

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