redroot pigweed scientific name

Memoirs of the botanical survey of South Africa No 53. Brenan JPM, 1961. Zhao S Z, 1992. and A. hybridus L. Canadian Journal of Plant Science. Selected Weeds of the United States. Categories. Redroot pigweed (Amaranthus retroflexus) is an introduced annual in amaranth family (Amaranthaceae). Tremmel DC, Patterson DT, 1993. Weeds, 15:118-121. Wnrtzen PA, Nelson HS, LOwenstein H, Ipsen H, 1995. redroot pigweed. Nuss R, Loewus FA, 1978. Waterhemp belongs to the botanical Amaranth family, which also features other pigweed species found in North Dakota and Minnesota, including redroot pigweed, Powell pigweed and smooth pigweed. 366, Washington DC, USA: United States Department of Agriculture. Reynolds S C P, 1996. The Latin, or scientific name, of each pigweed includes the genus name Amaranthus; each respective species name differentiates among the genus members. Plants - Forbs/Herbs. CABI is a registered EU trademark. Such forage may cause fatal nephrotoxicity,[7] presumably because of its high oxalate content. Virginia Journal of Science, 41(3):243-245. Baliousis E, 2014. Weed Technology, 11(1):199-202; 35 ref. Powell amaranth (A. powelii) 4. Scientific Name Amaranthus retroflexus ← → Other Common Names: careless weed. v + 658pp. Phytoindication of hydrogenous and haloid landscapes interrelations in Uzbekistan. Madrono, 13:5-46. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. Burgos N R, Talbert R E, 1996. Reynolds SCP, 1996. Common Name(s): Redroot Pigweed, Rough Pigweed, Pigweed,Redroot: Scientific Name: Amaranthus retroflexus: Family: Amaranthaceae: Longevity: Annual: Season: Watsonia. Alien plants at Foynes Port, Co. 44 (2), 355-361. Leaves are 0.8 to 3.9 inches long. Scientific Names: Redroot pigweed, Amaranthus retroflexus L., Green pigweed, Amaranthus powelli S. Weeds, 5:46-55. This weed is a common cause of late-summer allergies. The leaves are nearly 15 cm (5.9 in) long on large individuals, the ones higher on the stem having a lance shape and those lower on the plant diamond or oval in shape. The fruit is a capsule less than 2 mm (0.079 in) long with a "lid" which opens to reveal a tiny black seed. Palmer amaranth (A. palmeri) 5. spiny amaranth (A. spinosus) 6. tumble pigweed (A. albus) 7. prostrate pigweed (A. blitoides) 8. waterhemp (A. tuberculatus = A. rudis) These heat-loving summer annuals emerge after the spring frost date, grow rapidly, compet… Redroot pigweed (Amaranthus retroflexus) Redroot pigweed is characterized by it's red tap root (usually present at the seedling stage of development), from which the plant gets it's name. Responses of soybean and five weeds to CO2 enrichment under two temperature regimes. ], Taipei, Taiwan: Asian-Pacific Weed Science Society. Rose, Robin, Chachulski, and Haase. Dose response of weeds to methyl iodide and methyl bromide. Tome 1., 411-417; 5 ref. But don’t wallow in despair – control is possible. Amaranthus palmeri is a species of edible flowering plant in the amaranth genus. [6], Like many other species of Amaranthus, this plant may be harmful and even deadly when fed to cattle and pigs in large amounts over several days. Southwestern Entomologist, 15(1):27-31, Tisler AM, 1990. Recent data from the flora of the island of Limnos (NE Aegean, Greece): new alien invasive species affecting the agricultural economy of the island. 15 (1), 27-31. Reading Time: 2 minutes Redroot pigweed can be a tough customer. [Proceedings, 12th Asian-Pacific Weed Science Society Conference. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. A geographic atlas of world weeds. Malabar, Florida, USA: Krieger Publishing Co. 391 pp. Infestation of cultivated Amaranthus by the weevil Conotrachelus seniculus in southeastern Arizona. Tashmatov KhM, 1992. Weed Science. Abstracts of the 23rd Weed Science Society of America Conference, 23:61. #3. Dose response of weeds to methyl iodide and methyl bromide. rough pigweed. “They are relatively short-lived in the soil,” Bradley says. Species across the genus contain concentric rings of vascular bundles, and fix carbon efficiently with a C4 photosynthetic pathway. Moyer JR, Hironaka R, 1993. Redroot Pigweed has a noticeably shorter, thicker and compacted inflorescence, that only extends a short distance above the first branches of the panicle. Amaranth is a herbaceous plant or shrub that is either annual or perennial across the genus. 60 (4), 1215-1234. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Redroot pigweed (Amaranthus retroflexus). Murray MJ, 1940. Good control effects of glyphosate on weeds in late growth period maize in the field interplanted with wheat. Communication 1. Revue Suisse d'Agriculture. Amaranthus in Britain. AM, 1996. 37 (3), 181-189. It is used in the Indian state of Kerala to prepare a popular dish known as thoran by combining the finely cut leaves with grated coconut, chili peppers, garlic, turmeric and other ingredients. Terminal (leaf) node. Redroot pigweed, a summer annual broadleaf plant, is found up to 7900 feet (2400 m) in the Central Valley, northwestern region, central-western region, southwestern region, Modoc Plateau, and most likely in other California areas. Another of A. retroflexus's common names is "pigweed" because it grows where hogs are pasture-fed. Stems erect, 10 cm - 2 m high, but usually 50 - 90 cm, simple or branched, lower part thick and smooth, upper part usually rough with dense short hair, greenish to slightly reddish but usually red near the roots. Light limitation of reproduction and variation in the allometric relationship between reproductive and vegetative biomass in Amaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed). Wallingford, UK: CABI. Amaranthus retroflexus, true to one of its common names, forms a tumbleweed. Limerick (v.c. Economic Botany, 49(4):423-430; 32 ref. Basic information: Scientific name: Amaranthus retroflexus: Click to magnify. Veterinary and Human Toxicology, 39(2):94-96; 33 ref. Weed emergence from two soils at various moistures, temperatures and depths. Weed Science, 45(4):488-496; 2 pp. 71 (2), 275-285. http://www.journals.cup.org/action/displayJournal?jid=EJB DOI:10.1017/S0960428614000110. Other common names for redroot pigweed include redroot amaranth, careless weed, and rough pigweed. The stem of the pigweed is what makes this plant so distinctive. [3] It is native to the tropical Americas, but is widespread as an introduced species on most continents in a great number of habitats. 21 (3), 283-285. 2:52. Vancouver, Canada: Greengrass. Psilotaceae to Platanaceae, Volume 1 (2nd edition) [ed. This erect summer annual can be found flowering from July through October. Pigweed is an annual leafy green that can refer to a number of wild weedy plants.The most commonly found pigweed varieties in the culinary world are redroot pigweed (Amaranthus retroflexus) and simply pigweed, or bathua in Hindi, a vegetable widely used in Northern Indian dishes.. Top of page A. retroflexus is thought to be a native riverbank pioneer of the central and … [9], A. retroflexus is a weed and has developed resistance against fomesafen in Northeast China. At first glance, this would not appear to be a soft underbelly since single pigweed plants can produce 300,000 seeds or more. top (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), on Amaranthus retroflexus. Holm L G, Pancho J V, Herberger J P, Plucknett D L, 1991. Availability and efficacy of atrazine in acid soils: the Ticino case. Problems of Desert Development, 2:51-54. Webster TM, Coble HD, 1997. 10 (4), 744-749. Allergy (Copenhagen), 50(6):489-497; [20 pl. Propagation of Pacific Northwest Plants . The Latin, or scientific name, of each pigweed includes the genus name Amaranthus; each respective species name differentiates among the genus members. Effectiveness of the utilization of different herbicides in maize crops. Problems of Desert Development. Scientific name: Amaranthus retroflexus Family: Amaranthaceae Description: Redroot pigweed grows into a 2- to 6-foot tall plant during the heat of summer. 80-86. 366. 73-78. H8), 1988-1994. Flowers vary interspecifically from the presence of 3 or 5 tepals and stamens, whereas a 7-porate pollen grain structure remains consistent across the family. Search Google Appliance Enter the terms you wish to search for. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 73(4):1249-1260. Emergence pattern of five weeds in the central Great Plains. Amaranthus L. In: Flora Europaea. Stevens C, Khan VA, Okoronkwo T, Tang AH, Wilson MA, Lu J, Brown JE, 1990. Alien plants at Foynes Port, Co. In: Agriculture Handbook No. There are no pictures available for this datasheet, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. The genetics of sex determination in the family Amaranthaceae. Botanical Dermatology: plants and plant products injurious to the skin. No species of genus Amaranthus is known to be poisonous,[4] but the leaves contain oxalic acid and may contain nitrates if grown in nitrate-rich soils, so the water should be discarded after boiling. Contributions to the botany and nutritional value of some wild Amaranthus species (Amaranthaceae) of Nuevo Leon, Mexico. Weed Science Society of America. Scientific Name; Family Name; Contact . [10], Media related to Amaranthus retroflexus (category) at Wikimedia Commons, Watt, John Mitchell; Breyer-Brandwijk, Maria Gerdina: The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa 2nd ed Pub. Chen T B, Lin C, 1989. Rough pigweed has a taproot that can grow 3.9 to 95 inc… Weed Technology, 11(2):308-317; 22 ref. Inflorescences are usually densely crowded. Ladonin V F, Kramarev S M, Klyavzo S P, Golovko A I, Kovalenko V D, Bondar' V P, Lerinets F A, 1994. Collingwood, Vic. Oryokot JOE, Murphy SD, Thomas AG, Swanton CJ, 1997. Terry LI, Lee CW, 1990. Plant Protection. Weed scientific name and common classification Weed Family Genus Species Common name A. smartweed Polygonaceae Polygonum penslyvanicum buckwheat B. wormwood Asteraceae Artemisia biennis composite ... Redroot pigweed Amaranthaceae Amaranthus retroflexus amaranth Sunflower Asteraceae Helianthus annuus composite Mitich LW, 1997. Pretoria, South Africa: Botanical Research Institute. 324-325. Watsonia, 21(3):283-285; 12 ref. Other Common Names: redroot amaranth, careless weed, Pigweed, red-root amaranth, rough pigweed. In: Watsonia, 4 261-280. Don't delay hand-pulling pigweed seedlings. ABBREVIATION : AMARET SYNONYMS : NO-ENTRY SCS PLANT CODE : AMRE COMMON NAMES : rough pigweed redroot pigweed redroot amaranth green amaranth pigweed wild beet pigweed amaranth canne red-root pigweed careless weed TAXONOMY : The currently accepted scientific name of rough pigweed is Amaranthus retroflexus L. [11,14,18,20]. Wells M J, Balsinhas A A, Joffe H, Engelbrecht V M, Harding G, Stirton C H, 1986. Weed control and sweet corn (Zea mays var. Handle the task when plants are less than 3 inches tall, with roots still short, to prevent accidentally uprooting neighboring garden plants. 25 (10), 1260-1262. Plants are erect and usually around 3-4' in height, although they can grow larger. Zhao SZ, 1992. Washington DC, USA: United States Department of Agriculture, 324-325. Common names: Redroot pigweed, Carelessweed, Redroot Amaranth: Higher taxon Tests have shown that over 50% of waterhemp seeds remain viable after one year. HortScience, 25(10):1260-1262. DOI:10.1046/j.1365-3180.1997.d01-15.x. Stevens C, Khan V A, Okoronkwo T, Tang A H, Wilson M A, Lu J, Brown J E, 1990. and A. hybridus L. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 60(4):1215-1234. Aellen P, Akeroyd JR, 1993. It thrives in open, sunny places inhabiting agricultural land … Other symptoms, such as bloat or methylglobineamia in the most severe cases, might reflect its high nitrate content. This plant is eaten as a vegetable in different places of the world. “Just tell yourself you are not going t… Leaves. A. retroflexus was used for a multitude of food and medicinal purposes by many Native American groups. Sauer JD, 1967. Annals of the Missouri Botanic Garden, 54:103-137. Amaranthus retroflexus is a species of flowering plant in the family Amaranthaceae with several common names, including red-root amaranth, redroot pigweed, red-rooted pigweed, common amaranth, pigweed amaranth, and common tumbleweed. Characterization of Chenopodiales (Amaranthus retroflexus, Chenopodium album, Kochia scoparia, Salsola pestifer) pollen allergens. 23 (3), 167-171. The biology of Canadian weeds. USDA, 1970. 130-132. Good control effects of glyphosate on weeds in late growth period maize in the field interplanted with wheat. Limerick (v.c. Australia: CSIRO Publishing. Redroot pigweed (Amaranthus retroflexus), a common garden invader, has a long rosy taproot that pulls easily from moist soil. Genetics, 25:409-431. Amaranthus retroflexus L., A. powellii S. Wats. Soil solarization and Dacthal: influence on weeds, growth, and root microflora of collards. After four or five years, though, only about 10% of the initial population will be capable of emergence. McLachlan SM, Murphy SD, Tollenaar M, Weise SF, Swanton CJ, 1995. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. Southwestern Entomologist. In: Proceedings, 12th Asian-Pacific Weed Science Society Conference. Scientific name i: Amaranthus retroflexus: Taxonomy navigation › Amaranthus. Phytoindication of hydrogenous and haloid landscapes interrelations in Uzbekistan. Weed Herbarium – by Scientific Name. Redroot pigweed (Amaranthus retroflexus) poisoning of cattle in southern Brazil. of ref. Revision of the dioecious amaranths. of common waterhemp, redroot pigweed, smooth pigweed, Powell amaranth, and Palmer amaranth, including U.S. distribution, seedling and adult descriptions, technical characters, management schemes, and pertinent notes. Memoirs, Botanical Survey of South Africa. ABBREVIATION COMMON NAME SCIENTIFIC NAME ... AMARE Redroot Pigweed Amaranthus retroflexus AMATA Common Waterhemp Amaranthus rudis AMATU Tall Waterhemp Amaranthus tuberculatus AMBEL Common Ragweed Ambrosia artemisiifolia AMBTR Giant Ragweed Ambrosia trifida ARFSS Burdock Arctium L. species Edinburgh Journal of Botany. H8), 1988-1994. Agriculture Handbook No. Amaranthus retroflexus is a species of flowering plant in the family Amaranthaceae with several common names, including red-root amaranth, redroot pigweed, red-rooted pigweed, common amaranth, pigweed amaranth, and common tumbleweed.[3]. The seeds are edible raw or toasted, and can be ground into flour and used for bread, hot cereal, or as a thickener. A plant’s species name can be spelled out in Latin (its scientific name, e.g., Amaranthus retroflexus) or in plain English (its common name, e.g., redroot pigweed). Feeding in the pigweed flea beetle, Disonycha glabrata Fab. The seed of Redroot Pigweed are the first of the three pigweeds to mature. Journal of Applied Ecology, 32(1):157-165. It has several common names, including carelessweed, dioecious amaranth, Palmer's amaranth, Palmer amaranth, and Palmer's pigweed.It is native to most of the southern half of North America. Selected Weeds of the United States. Temperature- and moisture-dependent models of seed germination and shoot elongation in green and redroot pigweed (Amaranthus powellii, A. retroflexus). There are often additional dense clusters of flowers in the axils of upper leaves. Wiese A, Davis R, 1967. Stems are erect, and can grow anywhere from 10 cm - 2 m high, but usually 50 - 90 cm, simple or branched, lower part thick and smooth, upper part usually rough with dense short hair, greenish to slightly reddish but usually red near the roots. The biology of Canadian weeds. Torres MB, Kommers GD, Dantas AFM, Lombardo de Barros CS, 1997. The plant is monoecious, with individuals bearing both male and female flowers. Anderson R L, Nielsen D C, 1996. Characteristics of the behaviour of herbicides of the maize complex with different methods of application on normal chernozems of the Ukraine steppe. In areas where their distributions overlap, it is not uncommon to find both species growing together in the same field. Wesche-Ebeling P, Maiti R, García-Díaz G, González DI, Sosa-Alvarado F, 1995. Amaranthus retroflexus L., A. powellii S. Wats. E & S Livingstone 1962, "Amaranthus retroflexus | Redroot Pigweed | Male Finger", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Amaranthus_retroflexus&oldid=990095228, Pages using Tropicos template without author names, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with Chinese-language sources (zh), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 November 2020, at 19:58. Weed Research (Oxford). Tashmatov Kh M, 1992. References. The grain amaranths and their relatives: A revised taxonomic and geographic survey. Changes in the weed species composition of the southern United States: 1974 to 1995. Weed Research (Oxford), 37(3):181-189; 30 ref. Scientific names are more precise, as each species has just one valid scientific name at any one time. USDA, 1970. A catalogue of problem plants in South Africa. [5] It is among the species consumed as a vegetable in Mexican markets as Quelite quintonil. Siriwardana T, Zimdahl R, 1983. Habit. Weed Technology. Seizie^grave~me confe^acute~rence du COLUMA. Stevens O, 1957. Maigre D, 1991. [8] However, when supplied in moderation, it is regarded as an exceptionally nutritious fodder. Weights of seeds and numbers per plant. 51-54. germination and growth of redroot pigweed (Amaranthus retroflexus), Palmer amaranth (A. palmeri), and common water hemp (A. rudis).” Weed Science 51 (2003): 869-75. The leaves are hairy on the lower surface, along the prominent veins. vii + 264 pp. Distinguishing Features. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 73(4):1305-1308; 9 ref. HortScience. University of Washington, Seattle. Infestation of cultivated Amaranthus by the weevil Conotrachelus seniculus in southeastern Arizona. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. The fruit is a utricle. 3.1.3 Impermeable Seed Coat. Phytocoenological features and control strategies of weeds. BioOne . Virtually every farmer in North America knows and grapples with pigweed, a term that covers several species in the genus Amaranthus, including: 1. redroot pigweed (A. retroflexus) 2. smooth pigweed (A. hybridus) 3. Competition between barnyard grass (Echinochloa crus-galli) and red-root pigweed (Amaranthus retroflexus). The alternate leaves are ovate with wavy margins. Plant Protection, No. Terry L I, Lee C W, 1990. Scientific Names: Redroot pigweed, Amaranthus retroflexus L., Green pigweed, Amaranthus powelli S. That’s low compared to many weeds. Zhang W M, McGiffen M E Jr, Becker J O, Ohr H D, Sims J J, Kallenbach R L, 1997. The inflorescence is a large, dense cluster of flowers interspersed with spiny green bracts. It has an erect stem, 1 to 6.6 feet tall, that is commonly freely branched. This is an erect, annual herb reaching a maximum height near 3 m (9.8 ft). Weaver S E, McWilliams E L, 1980. ]; 16 ref. Weaver SE, McWilliams EL, 1980. TAXONOMY: The currently accepted scientific name of rough pig-weed is Amaranthus retroflexus L. It is a member of the Pigweed Family (Amaranthaceae). Seeds of redroot pigweed, wild mustard, shepherd's-purse, and field pepperweed often have seed coats impermeable to water, oxygen, or both.The seeds are called “hard.” It is another dormancy mechanism. Mitchell J, Rook A, 1979. Agrokhimiya. 44. Digestible energy and protein content of some annual weeds, alfalfa, bromegrass, and tame oats. Lazarides M, Cowley K, Hohnen P, 1997. Robert L. Zimdahl, in Fundamentals of Weed Science (Fifth Edition), 2018. Sauer JD, 1955. Wells MJ, Balsinhas AA, Joffe H, Engelbrecht VM, Harding G, Stirton CH, 1986. redroot pigweed rough pigweed This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. CONFIRMATION STATUS: Pending confirmation. Wats., Other Names: Redroot pigweed is also called amarante à racine rouge, Green amaranth, Pigweed, Redroot, Rough pigweed, Tall pigweed, amarante réfléchie, amarante pied rouge. Soil solarization and control of amaranth (Amaranthus retroflexus): heat resistance of the seeds. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Journe^acute~es internationales sur la lutte contre les mauvaises herbes, Reims, France, 6-8 de^acute~cembre 1995. 44. 52. Common Name Reference: Weed Science Society of America Common Names List Scientific Name Reference: PLANTS Database. Wats., rugosa) response in a no-till system with cover crops. Soil solarization and Dacthal: influence on weeds, growth, and root microflora of collards. CSIRO handbook of Australian weeds. (Disponibilité et efficacité de l'atrazine en sol acide: le cas du Tessin.). Zhang WM, McGiffen MEJr, Becker JO, Ohr HD, Sims JJ, Kallenbach RL, 1997. CABI, Undated. A catalogue of problem plants in southern Africa incorporating the national weed list of South Africa. Further studies on oxalic acid biosynthesis in oxalate-accumulating plants. Leaves: Lower leaves are oval and upper leaves are … Volume 1. Plant Physiology, 61:590-592. by Tutin TG, Burges NA, Chater AO, Edmondson JR, Heywood VH, Moore DM, Valentine DH, Walters SM, Webb DA].

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