avicennia marina common name

Statistics. Before experimenting, please be aware that every swamp where this tree grows naturally in South Africa is protected and you will need a permit to collect seed in this country, or an import permit and phytosanitary certificates to bring seed in from elsewhere in its range. Scientific Names. Another variety, Avicennia marina var. Glen, H.F. 2004. Avicennia tomentosa var. resinifera (G.Forst.)Bakh. Avicennia, also called black mangrove, genus comprising at least eight species of trees or shrubs in the family Acanthaceae. The genus Avicennia is named after one of the greatest luminaries of mediaeval Islamic science, the Persian physician, naturalist, philosopher and mathematician Abu Ali Husain Ibn Abd Allah (Abu Ali Alhosain Ibn Sina, 980-1037 AD). marina. Aeg.-Arab. AVH is a collaborative project of the state, Commonwealth and territory herbaria, developed under the auspices of the Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH), representing the major Australian collections. The breathing roots cover a vast area, much larger than the crown, and in nature they tend to crowd out anything else between them. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. [15] The most inland occurrence of mangroves in Australia is a stand of grey mangroves in the Mandora Marsh, some 60 km from the coast. latifolia Moldenke Avicennia balanophora Stapf & Moldenke ex Moldenke Avicennia mindanaense Elmer Avicennia sphaerocarpa Stapf Avicennia sphaerocarpa Stapf ex Ridl. A numbered check-list of trees shrubs and noteworthy lianes indigenous to Kenya. กิ่งอ่อนมักเป็นสี่เหลี่ยม ใบเรียงตรงข้าม รูปรีหรือรูปไข่ ยาว 2–7 ซม. Mabberley, D.J. Avicennia marina, commonly known as grey mangrove or white mangrove, is a species of mangrove tree classified in the plant family Acanthaceae (formerly in the Verbenaceae or Avicenniaceae). "The mangroves of South Africa: An ecophysiological review". White mangrove grows on the inland side of tropical and subtropical coastal swamps, along the east coast of Africa from about East London to Sudan (Red Sea coast), on the coasts of Arabia, India, northern Australia and on every island in the Indian Ocean. Login to add your Comment australasica is a many-branched woody shrub or small tree favouring tidal flats of harbours and estuaries.It is easily recognized by its bushy growth with opposite fleshy leaves and aerial roots (pneumatophores) which rise vertically from the mud. Fruit a green, oval, two-valved capsule 20-25 mm diam. The species can tolerate high salinity by excreting salts through its leaves.[15]. As with other Avicennia species, it has aerial roots (pneumatophores); these grow to a height of about 20 cm (5 in), and a diameter of 1 cm. APNI* Description: Small tree or shrub up to 9 m high, branches, inflorescences and lower surface of leaves greyish or silvery; pneumatophores numerous and projecting from the shallow lateral roots. alba (Blume) Bakh. http://doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-2.RLTS.T178828A7619457.en, World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, "Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Field guide to trees of southern Africa. & Pammenter, N.W. This also explains the lack of overlap between the Atlantic and Indo-Pacific ranges of the genus. Boon, R. 2010. Extensive underground root system with 'pencil roots' (pneumatophores or breathing roots) up to 90 mm long, sticking up out of the mud in dense stands spreading out from tree. The leaves are thick, five to eight centimetres long, a bright, glossy green on the upper surface, and silvery-white, or … These roots also anchor the plant during the frequent inundation of seawater in the soft substrate of tidal systems. Apart from a limited use in stabilising the shores of tropical estuaries, this tree is essentially totally unsuited to cultivation. Red List of South African Plants 2009. Avicennia marina var. Government Printer, Nairobi. Common names: white mangrove (Eng. This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. Avicennia marina Forssk. Gillett, J.B. & McDonald, P.G. Pages in category "Avicennia marina" This category contains only the following page. Vierh. 2008. The Kiswahili name Uchu (coastal Kenyan) and Mtswi (Giriyama) are recorded on herbarium specimens, as are many other vernacular names within its vast range. Bauhin, C. 1623. Duke, N.C. 1991. Vierh. Media related to Avicennia marina at Wikimedia Commons. This may be whitish, a characteristic described in the common name. Avicennia marina (Forssk.) gray mangrove 14 plant name records match your search criteria Avicennia marina.The results are below. australasica (Walp. Hortus Indicus Malabaricus. As in other widespread mangrove genera, there are different species with non-overlapping distributions in the Atlantic and Indo-Pacific ocean basins. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. ; seed developing on the tree, fruit usually splitting after falling; water-dispersed. var. (2009) list the white mangrove as being of Least Concern, which is reasonable, given its immense range and abundance where it occurs. Avicennia marina; Media in category "Avicennia marina" The following 86 files are in this category, out of 86 total. The specific epithet marina refers to the habitat of the white mangrove, at the edge of the sea. australasica is the world's southernmost mangrove, being reported from the south-eastern tip of Australia near Melbourne, and from New Zealand near Auckland. Strelitzia 25. Briza Academic, Pretoria. It is distributed along Africa's east coast, south-west, south and south-east Asia, and Australia. H.F. GlenKwazulu-Natal HerbariumJune 2011, SA Distribution: Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Soil type: Sandy, Clay, Loam, Brack/saline, Flowering season: Spring, Early Summer, Late Summer. Family: Avicenniaceae. As with other mangroves, it occurs in the intertidal zones of estuarine areas. Vierh. Genera Plantarum edn 5. Struik, Cape Town. Another mangrove system is found even further south (500 km) at Bunbury. The habit is a gnarled arrangement of multiple branches. Moistened seeds could be heaped into stone ovens, sealed with bark, baked for two hours then soaked in a pool dug in sand before eating. ); witseebasboom (Afr. It is a pioneer in muddy soil conditions with a pH value of 6.5 to 8.0, but is intolerant of shade. Species name: Mangroves Scientific name: Avicennia marina Locally known as: Gurm. Salvius, Stockholm. ); mangal, towozi, txomahati (Xironga); isikhungathi (isiXhosa, isiZulu) - these from Van Wyk et al. The flowers range from white to a golden yellow colour, are less than 1 cm across, and occur in clusters of three to five. (2011); Gomes e Sousa (1967) gives nhamesso (Xironga) and mussu (Quimuane) for Mozambique. Bark pale yellowish green, with raised dots, flaking. Avicennia germinans (L.) L. — Symbol AVGE Common Name black mangrove Botanical Family Verbenaceae … Scientific plant list. australasica (Walp.) martii Mold. Linnaeus, C. 1754. Avicennia marina subsp. Avicennia has a wide geographical distribution, with members found in intertidal estuaries along many of the world’s tropical and warm temperate coasts. Instituto de Investigação Agronômica de Moçambique, Lourenço Marques. California county polygons can … Gomes e Sousa (1967) reports that in Mozambique this species was useful in stabilizing banks of estuaries in salty water, and that it has tannin-rich bark. Their last landfall in the Atlantic was Madeira, the Azores or the Canaries, from where they went almost to Brazil (but not landing anywhere) before turning south-eastwards and rounding the Cape. In Australia, it extends much farther south than other mangroves, occurring in every mainland state. Balkema, Cape Town.Raimondo, D., Von Staden, L. Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. Avicennia lanata Ridl. Gomes e Sousa, A. Flowers creamy yellow, small, in dense round heads in leaf axils or terminally, on short, square stalks, sweetly scented. Secura marina Forssk., Fl. 1967. You have a small, cold, water-wise garden? ไม้พุ่มหรือไม้ต้น สูงได้ถึง 20 ม. Unusually among mangroves, these trees can exude excess salt through their leaves, and it is not uncommon to find salt crystals adhering to the leaves. SAPPI What's in a Name? It is a common and often dominant constituent of mangrove swamps (usually the inland fringes of mangrove associations), and is also a pioneer of new mud banks; sea level. Wildlife Society of South Africa, Durban.

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