amaranthus viridis pdf

Amaranthus viridis, A. retroflexus, A. hybridus, A. gracilis, A. gangeticus, A. paniculatus, and A. graecizans are wild types. 0000009463 00000 n 0000022081 00000 n 0000224774 00000 n 0000011652 00000 n 0000020505 00000 n PDF | Amaranthus viridis L., known in the Philippines as Spinach Tagalog and Kolitis, is sold in the market as vegetable. In: Floraweb. 0000018536 00000 n In Nigeria, it is commonly called “green leaf” or “tete” amongst the Yoruba tribe. Amaranthus viridis L. is a commonly growing herb, mainly used as leafy vegetable. endstream endobj startxref Roots are known for its antifertility activity in Ayurveda. Abstract: In recent times, only the leaves of Amaranthus viridis are been utilized, the seeds are usually discarded. Found in gardens, wastelands, pastures and … (2015). Amaranthus gracilis Desf. Indian Phytopathology, 31(1):99. Amaranthus viridis Friche-Joset & Montandon, 1856 Amaranthus viridis Pall. MBG press. Amaranthus spinosus, Amaranthus viridis, Amaran-thus retroflexus, Amaranthus graecizans, Amaranthus dubius, and Amaranthus hybridus. The vegetable is a medicinal food used in urinary problems. Amaranthus viridis (Linn.) Chemical investigation of the dichloromethane extracts of Amaranthus viridis L. afforded squalene, trilinolein, polyprenol and phytol from the leaves; spinasterol and squalene from the stems; and spinasterol from the roots. Amaranthus gracilis Desf. Amaranthus roxburghianus root extract in combination with piperine as a potential treatment of ulcerative colitis in mice. Reference page. Amaranthus viridis Vill. Materials and Methods . 0000010165 00000 n h��YYo�F�+�ؠ���.����8u��F$4?�6k�ECb���wf^2e��� V{�rg��ͱҚP� a�%��4�)�FC��F4�p�jJ� �3�%�`��K`Z�$ԆpK 1��a>%�hF,%RJJ,#R�v�%�$V�9�K�LZ�a��. EVALUATION CERTIFICATE This is to certify that the dissertation work entitle “NEUROPHARMACOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF METHANOLIC EXTRACT OF LEAVES OF AMARANTHUS VIRIDIS. Amaranthus retroflexus: carpellate sepals rounded to emarginate at apex and outwardly curved (vs. A. hybridus, with carpellate sepals acute to subacute at apex and erect). Amaranthus viridis L. belongs to family (Amaranthaceae) commonly known as “Chowlai” is a common wild vegetable and weed of cultivation. Wetland Status. Amaranthus viridis (Amaranthaceae) widely distributed all over the world, growing under a wide range of climatic conditions, and has been utilized as a medicinal herb in traditional Ayurveda medicine as antipyretic agents, also for the treatment of inflammation, ulcer, diabetic, asthma, and hyperlipidemia. Ethanolic extract of Amaranthus viridis showed potent antioxidant activity.IC 50 value of standard and plants is shown in Fig 2. Doses of trifloxysulfuron-sodium and pyrithiobac-sodium used to obtain a dose response curve, relate to 0, ¼, ½, 1, 2 and 4 times the recommended dose. Indian Journal of Hill Farming, 2(1):93 . The Amaranthus genus includes over 60 species and many more hybridized species that can be found throughout the world. Amaranthus viridis: host of white rust caused by Albugo candida (Liv). 18. 0000004814 00000 n The allelochemicals present in A. spinosus are reported to inhibit the germination and the growth of seedlings of various species [3-5]. 113 0 obj <>stream TOXICITY: Amaranthus retroflexus (not known to grow in Hawai’i) is reportedly nephrotoxic to large domestic animals [Oladosu 1979], although not to rabbits [Schamber 1985]. It is in leaf from April to October, in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen from August to October. 0000021215 00000 n Classification. fruit 2.3--2.6 mm long, smooth or slightly wrinkled when dry (vs. A. viridis, with fruit 1--1.6 mm long, rugose when dry). . Numerous branches emerge from the base, and the leaves are ovate, 3–6 cm long, 2–4 cm wide, with long petioles of about 5 cm. 0000222632 00000 n 0000014742 00000 n 0000019790 00000 n 50 64 It is hardy to zone (UK) 9 and is frost tender. The plant is used to treat for liver diseases, gonorrhea, haemorrhoids, snake bite, inflammations, etc. Amaranthus is a genus of considerable difficulty to the taxonomist, especially the “grain amaranths”, which have long been cultivated. In China, the roots are said to be mildly toxic and overdose can cause dizziness, nausea, and vomiting. h�bbd```b``� "A$�ɞ"�3@$�g0�Ln�o���`�H2��n�� 2h�d���r10��6��q����{^ �D Some amaranth species are cultivated as leaf vegetables, pseudocereals, and ornamental plants.Most of the Amaranthus species are summer annual weeds and are commonly referred to as pigweeds. ; Euxolus viridis L. • MA. 0000002381 00000 n Credit: M.Y. Commonly referred to as “pigweeds,” they are annual weeds with prolific seed production that allows them to easily colonize disturbed areas in paddocks, on field edges, and along fences, ditches, and roads. Singh M, Mack RE, Megh Singh, 1993. Amaranthus viridus L., orth. ex Wall.. Chenopodium caudatum Jacq.. Galliaria adscendens Bubani. Singh NI, 1989. oxidative damage4, Amaranthus viridis (Amaranthaceae) is an annual or perennial herbaceous bush and has several forms with varying colors of flowers. The aim of this study was to investigate the levels of POPs in irrigation water, soil and in Amaranthus viridis (A. viridis) from different gardening sites in Kinshasa to evaluate the potential environmental and human health risks. 0000151562 00000 n 0000000016 00000 n The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind. In this work, the susceptibility levels to glyphosate on three Amaranthus viridis L. populations, with suspected resistance (R1, R2, and R-IAC), collected in citrus orchards from the São Paulo State, Brazil, as well as their accumulation rates of shikimic acid, were determined. Thus, dose 1 (recommended) was set according to work done by Carvalho et al. Download PDF Comment on factsheet. 88 0 obj <>stream 0000005955 00000 n 0000292734 00000 n Amaranthus spinosus, A. viridis, Telfairia occidentalis, Vernonia amygdalina, Bidens pilosa, Cnidoscolus aconitifolius, and Basella alba . Effect of organosilicone-based adjuvants on herbicide efficacy. Doses of trifloxysulfuron-sodium and pyrithiobac-sodium used to obtain a dose response curve, relate to 0, ¼, ½, 1, 2 and 4 times the recommended dose. Amaranthus viridis L. E. slender amaranth. In Greek, Amaranthus is translated as “never-fading flower”. Introduced in many countries, where it is commonly eaten as a vegetable: Euromediterranean region, Western Asia, Central Asia, Russian Far East, India, China, Japan, Indochina, Malesia, most of Africa, USA (south and east), Mexico, Australasia Dicotyledonous Herbs other than Composites. Zumaya-Mendoza, S. & Sánchez-del Pino, I. Synonyms. (Jayaweera 1980). 0000315631 00000 n Saleem: Albersia caudata (Jacq.) 0000343694 00000 n 0000007747 00000 n View abstract. Amaranthus viridis Linn is a common summer weed found every where. xref of Amaranthus viridis have significant antioxidant activity. ProtectionThe of Plant Varieties and farmers Rights Authority (PPV&FRA) shall decide when, where and in what quantity and quality of the seed material required for testing the variety, is to be delivered. 50 0 obj <> endobj Amaranthus spinosus, Amaranthus viridis, Amaran-thus retroflexus, Amaranthus graecizans, Amaranthus dubius, and Amaranthus hybridus. It is native to China and grown widely as an ornamental plant throughout India 5. 0 trailer 0000003936 00000 n h�b```f``r``a`��� Ȁ �@ �8`��0)�*�����΂/�M���p�>�F~�YZ����@��_R{.ptt0�P�����рaH1�-Z���X ,��{#���C\����̝�\{��8�d�4��0��UI3�-> Hassler, M. 2019. Amaranthus viridis is easily cultivated with low labor cost and high grain yield compared to some other sources of starch such as cassava, corn, and breadfruit. L. were collected from the fields of Lalliyan, which is a city in the Chiniot district of Punjab province, in Pakistan. Amaranthus viridis (3105674363).jpg 3,264 × 2,448; 6.62 MB IC 50 of Ascorbic acid was 1.79 and of Amaranthus viridis was 27.97. The flowers are considered emollient, and an infusion of the petals is used as a demulcent. Amaranthus spinosus, is commonly known as Kate Wali Chaulai or Kantabhaji in Boiss. Vascular – Exotic. Amaranthus viridis in Kew Science Plants of the World online. %%EOF A maranthus viridis L. belongs to family (Amaranthaceae) commonly known as “Chowlai” is a common wild vegetable and weed of cultivation. h�b```b``�c`c`�\� ̀ �@1v�70�?��'�. Introduced in many countries, where it is commonly eaten as a vegetable: Euromediterranean region, Western Asia, Central Asia, Russian Far East, India, China, Japan, Indochina, Malesia, most of Africa, USA (south and east), Mexico, Australasia Media in category "Amaranthus viridis" The following 115 files are in this category, out of 115 total. FloraWeb.de; Verbreitungskarte für Deutschland. Der Zurückgebogene Amarant (Amaranthus retroflexus), auch Zurückgekrümmter Fuchsschwanz oder Rauhaariger Amarant genannt, ist eine Pflanzenart innerhalb der Familie der Fuchsschwanzgewächse (Amaranthaceae). Structural class. Euxolus viridis L. Family. Information from Dichotomous Key of Flora Novae Angliae. The leaves are oval (7 cm by 5 cm), which is broad near base, obtuse, acuminate petiole long and reddish. 0000011765 00000 n Annual herb, erect or more rarely ascending, 10-75 (-100) cm. Amarant (Amaranthus), auch Fuchsschwanz genannt, manchmal auch Amaranth geschrieben, ist eine Pflanzengattung innerhalb der Familie der Fuchsschwanzgewächse (Amaranthaceae). Corn, cassava, and potato, which are major sources of starch for food industry, have some other domestic and industrial uses, which posed high demand on them. Amaranthus fasciatus Roxb.. Amaranthus gracilis Desf.. Amaranthus littoralis Bernh. Oktober 2015. Amaranthus. 0000342879 00000 n Amaranthus viridis L. (BR0000010608777) By Meise Botanic Garden. Accessed: 2019 Sept. 10. Singh PP, Tripathi SS, 1988. Chenopodium caudatum Jacq. Vegetable Ama-ranthus can be easily distinguished by inflorescence features like mostly or exclusively axillary glomerules or short spikes (Fig. At depths of 4 cm and 6 cm, no germination was recorded for A. spinosus and A. viridis respectively (Chauhan & Johnson, 2009) . World Plants: Synonymic Checklists … Conservation status. Vegetable Ama-ranthus can be easily distinguished by inflorescence features like mostly or exclusively axillary glomerules or short spikes (Fig. Show more photos. 0000012038 00000 n 0000015080 00000 n Amaranthus is a cosmopolitan genus of annual or short-lived perennial plants collectively known as amaranths. The herbicides were: trifloxysulfuron-sodium and chlorimuron-ethyl. hybridus, Amaranthus palmeri, Amaranthus retroflexus, Amaranthus spinosus and viridis are the species with allelopathic potential. Amaranthus viridis L. appears in other Kew resources ... Revisión taxonómica de las especies monoicas de Amaranthus (Amaranthaceae): Amaranthus subg. Herbicides were applied on plants with 5-6 leaves and rates of 0, 16R, 4TR, 1/4R, 1/16R, 1/64R. Amaranthus viridis (3105674363).jpg 3,264 × 2,448; 6.62 MB MaltaWildPlants.com is an internet online database of the wild plants growing on the islands of Malta and Gozo. 0000016125 00000 n The susceptibility of the following Amaranthus species to post-emergence applied herbicides was evaluated: A. deflexus, A. hybridus, A. retroflexus, A. spinosus and A. viridis. Amaranthus powellii: bracteoles mostly 4.5--6 mm long, mostly 2--3 times as long as the sepals (vs. A. hybridus, with bracteoles mostly 2.5--4 mm long, 1.2--2 times as long as the sepals). endstream endobj 49 0 obj <> endobj 50 0 obj <> endobj 51 0 obj <>stream Amaranthus spp. 0000012691 00000 n Processing this seed will enhance its utilization as food or functional food. The vegetable is a medicinal food used in urinary problems. 65 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<30B425533363815517564F6AAEA9C72B><624D6C030E2A70468A88F5CF0A1545F9>]/Index[48 41]/Info 47 0 R/Length 95/Prev 439631/Root 49 0 R/Size 89/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream J Integr Med. Slender amaranth (Amaranthus viridis L.) is an annual herb belonging to the family Amaranthaceae. Common name. 0000343142 00000 n Green amaranth. Genus. Amaranthus viridis is an allelopathic plant that grows in tropical and subtropical regions of the world and is eaten traditionally as a vegetable. ex Moq.. Amaranthus polystachyus Buch.-Ham. Amaranthus viridis; Amaranthus viridis. The plant is erect, having stems that are up to about 10–100 cm in length with branched glabrous leaves. Flora del Valle de Tehuacán-Cuicatlán 133: 1-63. 0000305071 00000 n is a fast-growing herb mainly cultivated in Asia, Africa, Latin America (Amin, Norazaidah, & Hainida, 2006). The leaves of Amaranthus are a potential alternative source of betalains because of their betacyanin pigments, and they also show anticancer activity. Amaranthaceae. 0000193583 00000 n 0000016831 00000 n <<986D1C9881D3F3469CB467B6F99B24D7>]/Prev 1193051>> Albersia gracilis Webb & Berthel.. Amaranthus acutilobus Uline & W.L.Bray. 2013;11(3):206-12. 0000152201 00000 n Their structures were A survey study for the use of pesticides and fertilizers was carried out with 740 market gardeners. Glomeraria viridis (L.) Cav.. Lagrezia suessenguthii Cavaco. %PDF-1.5 %���� Amaranthus blitum beim Freundeskreis Botanischer Garten Aachen e. V. Aufsteigender Fuchsschwanz. The term antifertility many times is used loosely in ethnic literature denoting abortifacient, antiimplantation and antiovulatory activity. 0000014123 00000 n Amaranthus viridis is easily cultivated with low labor cost and high grain yield compared to some other sources of starch such as cassava, corn, and breadfruit. Amaranthus emarginatus Moq. The term antifertility many times is used loosely in ethnic literature denoting abortifacient, antiimplantation and antiovulatory activity. Pesticide Science, 38(2-3):219-225. Amaranthus viridis L. is a commonly growing herb, mainly used as leafy vegetable. Amaranthus species,A. Low IC 50 value means scavenging activity of sample was high and vice versa. Published on the internet. 2.1. 0000019170 00000 n 0000008808 00000 n Pyxidium viride (L.) … General information about Amaranthus viridis (AMAVI) Central America, Caribbean, South America. % scavenging activity is shown in Table 3. Amaranthus viridis are used for treating eczema, psoriasis and rashes, constipation, inflammation, bronchitis, anemia and leprosy. Amaranthus viridis Illustration. 2. Related Links. 0000316302 00000 n View abstract. Its decotion is given in bronchial catarrhin India. 0000077048 00000 n Amaranthus viridis Linn is a common summer weed found every where. BibTex; Full citation Abstract. At the present time, 60 species of Amaranthus are documented with Amaranthus viridis popularly known as “tete” in Yoruba being the most widely cultivated vegetable *Corresponding author: Babatunde T. Amaranthus viridis. 0 0000022729 00000 n The plant has terminal panicles with few branches, and small green flowers with 3 stamens. 0000343658 00000 n 0000117194 00000 n L IN RATS & MICE” submitted by Register No: 261525504 to The Tamil Nadu Dr. M.G.R Medical University, Chennai, in partial fulfilment for the degree of MASTER OF PHARMACY in PHARMACOLOGY …

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